Corporate Transparency Act Imposes New Small Business Reporting Requirements for 2024

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Nevada small business owners will have one more item on their compliance to-do list with the new Corporate Transparency Act (CTA) which became effective January 1, 2024. The CTA, enacted as part of the Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2020 (AMLA), places new reporting requirements on many business entities in an effort to expose illegal activities, including the use of shell companies to launder money or conceal illicit funds. Around 30 million small businesses will be impacted by the law, which will establish a federal database of information, furnished by “reporting companies,” that will be accessible to certain authorities and organizations.

A final rule has been issued stating how the new law will be implemented to help businesses understand whether the law applies to them, how to comply, and which agencies will have access to the information they must report. CTA violations carry civil and criminal penalties, including imprisonment.

Read an update about the CTA in our article, The Corporate Transparency Act Ruled Unconstitutional: Implications for Las Vegas Businesses

Why was the CTA passed?

The CTA (1) was passed as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021. It directs the US Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) to gather information from private companies about their owners and controlling persons. Acting Director Himamauli Das said, “FinCEN is taking aggressive aim at those who would exploit anonymous shell corporations, front companies, and other loopholes to launder the proceeds of crimes, such as corruption, drug and arms trafficking, or terrorist financing.” (2)

To counter the risks allegedly posed by anonymous shell companies, the CTA mandates the creation of a national registry that contains certain information about business entities that are formed by filing a document with a state’s secretary of state or similar office.

What does the CTA require?

Effective January 1, 2024, the CTA requires that certain businesses disclose to FinCEN information about the company, its beneficial owners, and in some cases, the company applicant.

Reporting companies—defined as any company with twenty or fewer employees that is formed by filing paperwork with the Secretary of State or equivalent official—that are created or registered prior to January 1, 2024, have until January 1, 2025, to file an initial report; reporting companies created or registered after January 1, 2024 and before January 1, 2025, will have ninety days after creation or registration to file a report. Entities created on or after January 1, 2025 will have 30 days to submit the reports to FinCEN.

Small business organizations such as the National Small Business Association (NSBA) and the National Federation of Independent Businesses (NFIB) oppose the CTA, calling it cumbersome, intrusive, overly punitive, and unconstitutional. NSBA states that small businesses are unfairly impacted because they usually do not have compliance teams or staff attorneys (3).

Eighty percent of the small businesses surveyed by NFIB are against the new reporting requirements, which NFIB claims are unclear. NFIB notes that each state has different standards and practices for business entity formation, potentially leading to uncertainty about whether a business must report to FinCEN. For example, some states require sole proprietorships and general partnerships to register with state agencies, while other states do not (4).

What information must Nevada businesses provide in the reports?

The CTA requires three categories of information to be reported: company, owners, and applicant.

  • Domestic reporting companies created before January 1, 2024 must provide information about the company and its beneficial owners.
    • Beneficial owner is defined in the CTA as an individual who exercises “substantial control” over the reporting company or has an ownership interest of at least 25 percent. Company senior officers, directors, and others who make significant decisions on behalf of the company may meet this statutory definition of “substantial control,” although the broad definition may cause confusion in some instances.
  • Domestic reporting companies created on or after January 1, 2024, must provide information about the company, its beneficial owners, and its company applicants.
    • A company applicant generally is the individual who files the formation document with state authorities for the reporting company.

Technically, the information to be filed with FinCEN is called a Beneficial Ownership Information (BOI) Report. The following is what is required in the report for a company, an owner, and an applicant:

  • The reporting company must provide its name and any alternative (DBA) names, the address of its principal place of business, the state of formation, and its taxpayer identification number or FinCEN identifier.
  • Each beneficial owner of a reporting company must furnish their full legal name, date of birth, residential address, and an identification number from a driver’s license, passport, or other state-issued identification (ID), along with a copy of the ID document.
  • A company applicant is required to submit the same information as a beneficial owner.

Who has access to FinCEN BOI reports?

The CTA authorizes FinCEN to disclose BOI information to five categories of recipients (5):

  • US federal, state, local, and tribal government agencies
  • Foreign law enforcement agencies, judges, prosecutors, and other authorities
  • Financial institutions
  • Federal regulators
  • US Department of the Treasury

FinCEN may only disclose BOI information “under specific circumstances”: there are more stringent requirements for agencies other than those engaged in national security, intelligence, and law enforcement activities. There are also restrictions on how the information may be used and how it must be secured.

Some small business owners have expressed concerns about the privacy implications of the CTA. The NSBA has filed a lawsuit challenging the CTA’s constitutionality, in part on privacy grounds over sharing “sensitive information” with the government (6).

Will Nevada business owners face penalties for noncompliance with the CTA?

Penalties for noncompliance may be steep. Willingly providing false information (including false identifying documents) to FinCEN, or failing to report complete BOI information, can result in:

  • Fines of $500 per day, up to $10,000
  • Imprisonment for up to two years

Civil and criminal liability may be avoided if an individual who submitted an original, erroneous report did not knowingly submit inaccurate information and submits an updated report correcting the inaccurate information within ninety days.

How Stone Law Offices, Ltd. can help with CTA reporting requirements

Understanding how the CTA applies to you, how it will affect your Nevada business, and what you must do to comply introduces new burdens that you may have scarce resources to address.

Terms like “beneficial owner” and “substantial control” may seem vague and confusing, further complicating compliance efforts. But compliance is critical for business owners who want to avoid possible sanctions.

Stone Law Offices, Ltd. specializes in advanced business and tax planning, with a proven track record of advising and representing Las Vegas companies and entrepreneurs with a broad range of business-related services.  In addition, our team helps ensure business owners incorporate a clear succession plan in their overall estate planning. Read more in our article, How Can I Use Estate Planning for My Small Business?

As part of our initiative to educate about the impact of the CTA, whether it applies to your business, and the steps needed to meet its reporting requirements, we offer personalized consultations to both existing and new clients.  Request a consultation now with our business planning team to start working on a CTA compliance strategy.


  1. National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, Pub. L. No. 116-283, 134 Stat. 3388 (Jan. 1, 2021).
  2. Press Release, U.S. Dep’t of the Treasury, Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, FinCEN Issues Proposed Rule for Beneficial Ownership Reporting to Counter Illicit Finance and Increase Transparency (Dec. 7, 2021).

  3. National Small Business Association, The Corporate Transparency Act.

  4. U.S. Treasury’s Final “Beneficial Ownership” Rule’s Impact Explained, NFIB (Oct. 19, 2022).

  5. Beneficial Ownership Information Access and Safeguards, and Use of FinCEN Identifiers for Entities, 87 Fed. Reg. 77404 (proposed Dec. 16, 2022).

  6. Dave LaChance, Small business group sues over federal ownership database, cites concerns over sharing ‘sensitive’ info, Repairer Driven News (Nov. 17, 2022).